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Four major dietary disorders in patients with kidney disease

May 17, 2017

Myth 1: vegetarian diets do not contain protein: Patients with kidney disease should stress a low protein diet, and some patients believe that vegetarian diets do not contain protein and are vegetarian for long periods of time. This is a misunderstanding of food proteins. Experts believe that: the food protein from two aspects of plant protein and animal protein, while the contents of most plant proteins than animal protein content is low, but the daily staple food such as rice, flour protein content in 8% - 9%, the protein content of beans and bean products can be more than 20%, because the plant protein containing essential amino acids and containing less potassium is high, it is not suitable for patients with chronic renal failure.

Myth two: do not eat salt or salt: Autumn stone salt restriction on hypertension, edema, oliguria and chronic nephritis, renal failure patients is necessary, but the salt do not eat salt, unless severe edema need to strictly limit the salt even water restrictions, the general should take a low salt diet. Therefore, patients with chronic nephritis on the salt intake, should be treated as the case depends on the doctor, excessive salt is not necessary, there are some patients with autumn stone instead of salt is not desirable. The autumn stone light autumn stone and salty autumn stone, the main component is the white light autumn stone and salt people, also useful Renzhongbai, autumn dew and gypsum processing is made, the main ingredients such as salt salty Qiu Shi, so the autumn stone instead of salt is no scientific reason.

Myth three: hunger therapy can protect kidney function: as some patients misunderstand animal proteins, some patients take "hunger therapy"". In fact, this is also a wrong approach. Because, the staple food and animal protein is too limited, patients are often malnourished, coupled with the "hunger therapy", exacerbating malnutrition, resulting in decreased body resistance and hypoproteinemia, anemia, and easy infection, aggravating illness, cause kidney failure. With chronic kidney disease, there are some food to limit, but the limit condition of different food is different, need all kinds of food can not eat more, so as not to quit the wrong mouth but not good. For example, some patients with chronic kidney disease due to potassium excretion is not good, easy to hyperkalemia, need to limit high potassium foods such as seaweed, bananas, oranges and so on, but some patients such as renal tubular acidosis long-term excessive excretion of potassium, but you should eat more food with high potassium.

Myth four: drink more bone soup can calcium body: kidney patients should pay attention to the scientific and rational diet, not blind. For patients with weak constitution, most of them are accompanied by abnormal metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, which is characterized by low calcium and hyperphosphatemia. Because the patient's digestive tract function is affected and hyperparathyroidism, the absorption of calcium in the intestine decreases, and nephritis patients often show low calcium. At the same time, because of the decrease of phosphorus excretion and endocrine disorder, there is a high phosphorus status in the patient. Bone soup contains more phosphorus, drink a bone soup intake of a large amount of phosphorus, causing phosphorus accumulation in the body, exacerbated by hyperphosphatemia.

 

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