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Symptom features of renal failure

Dec 24, 2016
Renal failure is a common nephropathy, generally acute renal failure and chronic renal failure two kinds. The pathological state of partial or total loss of renal function due to various chronic kidney disease development in medicine is called renal failure. So what are the features of renal failure symptoms? We look at the symptoms of renal failure:
Oliguria: the most critical stage of the disease, the internal environment serious disorder. Patients may appear oliguria (<400ml/ days) or no urine (<100ml/ day), low specific gravity urine (1). 010~1. 020), high urine sodium, hematuria, proteinuria, tubular urine, etc.. Patients with severe water poisoning, hyperkalemia (often cause lethality) and metabolic acidosis (which can promote the occurrence of hyperkalemia and azotemia) (progressive uremia can appear life-threatening.). This period lasts for a few days to a few weeks, and the longer it lasts, the worse the prognosis.
Polyuria phase: urine volume increased gradually after oliguria, when the daily urine volume exceeds 500ml, that is, into the polyuria period. Since then, urine volume doubled daily, the highest urinary volume of 3000-6000ml per day, or even up to 10000ml. In the initial period of polyuria, urine volume increased, but the clearance rate of kidney was still low, and the accumulation of metabolites in the body still existed. About 4-5 days later, serum urea nitrogen and creatinine decreased gradually with the increase of urine volume, and uremia symptoms also improved. Potassium, sodium, chlorine and other electrolytes excreted from the urine can lead to electrolyte disorder or dehydration, attention should be paid to the peak period of oliguria may be converted to hypokalemia. This period lasts 1-2 weeks.
Recovery period: urine volume gradually returned to normal, 3-12 months renal function gradually recovered, most patients with renal function can return to normal levels, only a few patients into chronic renal failure.
The main symptoms of renal failure of several of the above, if the above conditions, such as oliguria, should cause attention as soon as possible to the hospital for examination and treatment, in addition, the Phoenix Chinese best friend can recommend the regular physical examination, timely that the body of their own, to prevent kidney stones, if there is not, in a timely manner medical treatment is the best method.
The above has been described in detail, I believe we have a detailed understanding. In daily life, renal failure should attach great importance to, according to their condition, choose their own treatment, symptomatic treatment, in order to obtain better treatment effect.

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