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What are the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome

Dec 31, 2016
There are many symptoms of nephrotic syndrome with nephrotic syndrome is a common disease in our country, for person's harm is very big.If not timely treatment, not only for future treatment more difficult, but also will cause the burden of the family for the patient.In patients with diagnosis of disease, must be timely treatment.   
Almost 1, dropsy: nephrotic syndrome patients have different degree of swelling, often for the first symptoms of the disease, most of the secret.Patients with facial, lower limbs and scrotal edema was most pronounced;Edema sustainable for weeks or months;Some patients in the whole course of swelling elimination;Some body edema;Serious illness often appear serous cavity effusion.It is important to note that when patients after infection, edema often aggravate or recurrence, can appear even nitrogen qualitative hematic disease.   
2, hypoalbuminemia, the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome is necessary.Serum albumin less than 30 g/L.Nephrotic syndrome in the liver to increase albumin synthesis, when give enough protein and calorie diet, every day in patients with liver albumin synthesis is about 22.6 g, 15.6 g a day significantly increased than normal.When liver albumin compensatory effect is not enough to compensate for the loss of urine protein quantity, will appear hypoalbuminemia.Between hypoalbuminemia and urinary protein excretion is not fully consistent.   
3, the digestive tract symptoms: for patients with gastrointestinal edema, often appear anorexia, nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension and digestive tract dysfunction symptoms.When patients with nitrogen qualitative hematic disease, the symptoms will also increase.  
Urine output, less urine: 4 patients often is less than 400 ml per day, serious and even anuresis.  
5, mental symptoms, patients often have looked pale and weak body, spirit is dispirited wait for a symptom. 
6, infection, often has a history of infection before the onset of the patient, such as upper respiratory tract infection, skin infection, etc.  
7, blood pressure fluctuations: nephrotic syndrome patients most normal blood pressure, a few in high blood pressure.  
8, hyperlipidemia: this three acyl glycerin increased significantly, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDH), low density lipoprotein (VLDH) levels.Hyperlipidemia is associated with low serum albumin leels, LDL/HLDL only in serum albumin below 10 ~ 20 g/L to rise.High-density lipoprotein (HDL) normal or decline.LDL/HDL ratio increases, increased the risk of arteriosclerosis sex complications, hyperlipidemia associated with thrombosis and progressive glomerular sclerosis.Patients can show lipid urine, urine has the double refraction fat body, for it contains cholesterol or fat body tube type of epithelial cells.  
9, massive proteinuria: if the quantitative test results of 24 hours urinary protein, protein in the urine volume is greater than 3.5 g, which is one of the reliability index of the diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome.  
Complications of nephrotic syndrome:
1, thrombosis, embolism disease nephrotic syndrome with high coagulation state, the incidence of enous thromboembolism at about 10% - 40%, the most common for renal vein thrombosis.
2, infection patients complicated with various risk, such as respiratory tract, urinary tract, skin infections and primary peritonitis, etc.When there are complications of infection, clinical manifestation is often not obvious, therefore, should be vigilant.   
3, malnutrition, including muscle contraction, and children's growth and development obstacle, calcium phosphate metabolic disorders, such as iron deficiency anemia.  
4 including acute renal failure, kidney damage and renal tubular function damage.

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