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Dietary attention of patients with advanced uremia

Dec 30, 2016
The development of chronic nephritis to the end of the period is advanced uremia. Because of the renal function of patients with advanced nephropathy uremia is almost lost, unable to exercise the excretion of metabolic function, thus leading to accumulation of toxins, digestive tract problems, loss of appetite, and each dialysis will inevitably be lost a small amount of blood and protein, prolong the survival time of patients with advanced uremia, nutritional status and complications of degraded. The mortality rate is higher.

At the same time, in the treatment of patients with advanced uremia, diet is an important aspect that can not be ignored. Only to protect the patient's nutritional supplement in the late stage of uremia, in order to achieve the best therapeutic effect. Therefore, the diet of patients with advanced uremia should pay attention to the following aspects:
1, patients with advanced uremia need to eat more milk, eggs, lean meat, fish and other animal protein, eat soy products and other vegetable protein, because the low utilization of plant protein, will increase the uremia. Protein deficiency is more common in elderly patients. Muscle atrophy, weight loss, the relative amount of protein required to be higher.
2, sufficient heat to ensure the storage of human protein in patients with advanced uremia. If insufficient, can lead to malnutrition; too much, can cause hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis and other diseases. The intake of calories in the cereal based foods, eat less sugar, fruit foods. Try to eat less fat, especially animal fat.
3, food fiber to prevent constipation and reduce serum cholesterol and glycerol three fat. The human body needs about 20 grams of fiber per day. Fiber rich foods are potato (potato, sweet potato etc.), coarse grains (corn, sorghum, buckwheat, oat noodles), vegetables, fruits and nuts (peanuts, walnuts and other food). Hemodialysis patients, if you eat 270 grams of vegetables per day, you can provide food fiber of 20 grams.
4, urine volume is little or the number of dialysis, high blood potassium in patients with advanced uremia, must strictly control the high potassium containing foods such as pears, bananas, etc.. Those with severe high blood pressure, edema, or high blood sodium should be able to control the intake of sodium, eat 5 grams of salt a day or less 4-. Oliguria, hypertension, edema of patients, should also be strictly limited to drinking water, drinking water should not exceed the amount of urine.
An important role can not be ignored diet therapy in patients with advanced uremia, in daily life according to their needs to pay special attention to symptoms of some food can eat not to eat, so as not to cause illness due to a sharp deterioration in diet.

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