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Dietary principles of children with chronic nephritis

Dec 25, 2016
In general, children with chronic glomerulonephritis is a slow onset and protracted disease, its clinical manifestations often can appear different degree of proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension, edema and other symptoms, and children with chronic nephritis is a common glomerular disease in children, the most late chronic nephritis can develop for chronic renal failure.
Therefore, in addition to the symptomatic treatment of chronic nephritis were necessary, the diet is also very important. This is because a reasonable diet can prevent or delay the progressive decline of renal function in children with chronic nephritis, slow down the process of renal failure. Therefore, the principles of eating children with chronic nephritis are as follows:
1, children with chronic nephritis should be low protein, low phosphorus diet
Low protein and low phosphorus diet can reduce the glomerular hypertension, high perfusion and high filtration state in children, delay glomerular sclerosis and decrease renal function. Therefore, children with chronic nephritis protein intake should be appropriate, of which more than 60% should be of high quality protein, such as eggs, dairy products, lean meat, fish, etc.. Low phosphorus foods are lotus root starch, vermicelli, Chinese cabbage, cabbage, celery, egg white, spinach, tomatoes, melons, and sugarcane; in addition, the intake of protein restriction can also achieve the purpose of low phosphorus.
2, children with chronic nephritis should intake adequate carbohydrates
Children with chronic nephritis due to restrictions on protein intake, heat is mainly supplied by carbohydrates, so the diet of carbohydrates should be appropriately increased to meet the body's demand for heat energy. In addition, adequate heat supply can reduce protein consumption, reduce the burden on the kidneys, and can make a small amount of protein intake for tissue repair and growth. Suitable for children with chronic nephritis food vermicelli, vermicelli, potato, lotus root starch etc..
3, children with chronic nephritis should limit the intake of sodium
Children with chronic nephritis accompanied by significant edema, hypertension should be limited salt diet, the general requirements of sodium intake for 1 ~ 3G per day, children with chronic nephritis may be appropriate to increase or decrease the amount of compliance. Salted fish, various pickles should be hanged, the edema subsided before the increase of salt gradually; eat low sodium foods, such as rice, flour, coix seed, zucchini, eggplant, cucumber, etc..
4, children with chronic nephritis should adhere to the appropriate amount of drinking water
Children with chronic nephritis drinking water is generally not limited, but not too much, especially with obvious edema and oliguria children, so be sure to pay attention to water intake.
5, chronic nephritis children how to add vitamin and iron
Children with chronic nephritis due to illness duration, poor appetite, eating less and the effect of vitamin intake, therefore, patients should pay attention to eat foods rich in vitamin A, B and C in food, such as fresh vegetables and fruits, to prevent vitamin deficiency. Children with chronic nephritis often accompanied by symptoms of anemia, is mainly caused by lack of blood raw materials, so the children with chronic nephritis should also use some iron rich foods, such as liver, egg, tomato, red dates and green leafy vegetables, but also should pay attention to folic acid and vitamin b12.
6, chronic nephritis children high calcium diet
Children with chronic nephritis should eat more calcium rich foods, such as small shrimp, eat green vegetables and potatoes, carrots, lettuce, avoid eating or affect the absorption of calcium oxalate of spinach, bamboo shoots, celery, beans, mustard, pepper, spices, Jichi pepper, coffee etc..
In short, the diet of children with chronic nephritis advocated by the above six principles, but its specific dosage and attention, but also need to strictly follow the doctor's advice to perform.

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