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Kidney edema in addition to medication, their daily life should be how to do?

Feb 06, 2018

The first thing we need to do is limit salt intake. That is not all patients with edema of kidney disease daily intake of salt are the same?

of course not! The more common edema, salt intake less. The specific principle is: patients with severe edema salt intake should be 1.7 to 2.3 grams daily; mild to moderate edema in patients with daily intake of salt 2.3 to 2.8 grams.

In addition to low-salt diet, we certainly know that we should also low-protein diet, specifically how to intake of high-quality low-protein? Patients with severe edema and severe hypoproteinemia, proteinuria in the control case should be given daily intake of 1g per kilogram of body weight of protein intake; mild to moderate edema in patients with daily weight per kilogram, intake should be 0.5 ~ 0.6g protein, while ensuring heat supply.

In addition to these, patients with edema also need to pay attention to is: Many patients with edema, all the time thinking about drinking water ... but the doctor's advice to limit drinking water. For health, still need scientific drinking water. That edema patients science to open the water way is like?

First, you have to learn to calculate the amount of water intake, because the amount of water, and the number of urine is related, so the need to calculate the amount of urine output. The formula is: The patient's daily water intake = the previous day's total urine output +500 ml is appropriate.

This water intake also includes the hidden water content of daily intake of food. For example, fresh fruits and vegetables have a moisture content of 65% to 90%, so when calculating the amount of patient intake to take these hidden water content is also included.

In addition, patients with oliguria or anuria during the terminal stages of the disease should not blindly limit water intake to prevent further deterioration of renal function. Should be treated differently to protect the patient's residual renal function for the purpose.

For renal edema, nephropathy hospital experts give the following suggestions:

Limit sodium: Nephritis or nephrotic edema have sodium water retention, must limit sodium intake, but to be appropriate, long-term ban sodium can cause hyponatremia.

Diuretic: Necessary, while limiting the sodium cast at the same time to diuretics, can promote sodium edema and ease edema, and can relieve high blood pressure and reduce heart load.

Controlling proteinuria: Nephropathy must control proteinuria, immunosuppressive drugs can be used to restore the normal glomerular permeability. Supplement plasma proteins.

Bed rest, supine can increase renal blood flow, improve glomerular filtration rate, reduce sodium and water retention, mild edema in patients with bed rest alternating with activities, the amount of activity to be limited to severe edema in bed and elevate edema Limb body to facilitate blood reflux, reduce edema.

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